Types of Russian Language
The main examination body for Russian language proficiency is the Russian Language State Exam (RLE) or the Государственный экзамен по русскому языку (ГЭР). This is a standardized test developed and administered by the Russian Ministry of Education and Science to assess the language proficiency of non-native speakers of Russian.
The RLE is used to evaluate proficiency in all aspects of the language, including reading, writing, listening, and speaking, and it is designed to test at different levels of proficiency, ranging from beginner to advanced. The exam is widely recognized by educational institutions, employers, and immigration authorities around the world, and achieving a high score can be an important factor in gaining admission to universities or securing a job.
In addition to the RLE, there are other organizations that offer Russian language proficiency exams, such as the Test of Russian as a Foreign Language (TORFL), which is developed and administered by the Russian Language Testing Centre at Lomonosov Moscow State University. Other organizations such as the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) also offer proficiency tests in Russian.